Beans contain rich amounts of proteins, fiber, and components of minerals that are good for chickens. They also provide poultry with dietary starch, which keeps them energetic.
Chickens can only eat well-prepared, cooked beans. Poorly cooked or raw beans contain lectin, which is poisonous to them. Canned beans should not be fed to chickens because they contain too much sodium, which can be toxic to chickens.
If you want them to have canned beans, wash and cook them first to reduce toxic preservatives and compounds. If you open canned beans from the shelves, you will note a foamy or sticky liquid on top. That liquid is toxic to chickens because it contains too much sodium and starch that needs to be washed and cooked.
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How to cook beans for chicken
- Soak the beans in cold water for at least 5 hours
- Wash the beans with adequate water
- Boil to cook until soft
- Do not cook with onions, tomatoes, pepper, or any spices
Beans that can be prepared with the above steps include:
- White beans
- Black beans
- Kidney beans
It is also significant for a poultry farmer to consider the size of the chicken. This will help determine if there is a need to crash the already cooked beans into smaller sizes for baby chicks to feed easily without choking.
Raw beans for chickens
Chickens should NOT be fed raw or dried beans due to a toxic component known as phytohemagglutinin, a lactic PHA found in raw legumes. This can kill them since it does not have a cure if they ingest it. This poisonous component can cause death in both grown and young chickens within 1 – 4 hours of consumption.
Even as research digs deeper into initiating raw processed beans into the poultry feeding diet, chicken cannot be fed raw or dried beans.
In some rural areas, beans are crushed into powder and then mixed with flour to make porridge. Remember, chickens can always eat flour whenever they find it. Therefore, it is important to keep that away from them since it can have a negative impact on their lives.
Just like human beings require proteins for energy, so do chickens. A mature chicken requires at least 24% protein content in its daily feed and 20% for chicks. The already mature chicken requires a minimum of 18 % protein levels.
Beans are beneficial to chickens as they contain high protein content when cooked the right way. However, it is good to let them have it twice a week. Do not overfeed them with it since they also need a balanced diet, just like any other living creature.
1. White beans
The many other types of beans also contain nutrients like potassium and fiber in white beans. Both potassium and fiber are nutrients good for birds.
Soybeans are best fed when soft and whole. They are a good energy boost for young and mature chickens. It is a type of bean which is a good protein source for chicken.
Raw soya bean is among the few types of beans that chickens should not consume raw unless prepared using the procedure provided above.
3. Baked beans
Baked beans are not harmful to chickens as long as they are well washed before they can eat them. However, baked beans contain too many additives and sodium or salt, which is unhealthy for chickens. Chickens do not need salt, so do not season food for your poultry.
It has been observed that proteins in baked beans are significantly reduced to below 12%, which is minimal compared to the percentage rate required.
4. Green beans
Chicken gobble almost everything they scratch around. If they pound on these green beans, never worry. They can be consumed cooked and also freshly from the garden.
Nevertheless, it is best advised that it be fed when cooked to improve the content structure for the better acquisition of nutrients by chicken.
Beans vs. peanuts for chickens
Peanuts can also be fed to chicken roasted but not salted. Salt increases sodium percentage during feeding, which is not a healthy component for your poultry.
These nuts contain a high amount of fats and vitamins and are good for amino acids hence a healthy diet and a good choice for feeding time.
The nut shells of the Peanuts also contain fiber contents that are very important to a bird’s organ development.
An active bird is healthy, so find Peanut shells and feed them. These shells also give the chicken vibrant and healthy activity of cracking before eating, keeping your poultry active.
Advice: It is okay for chickens to have beans. However, do not let them have raw, dried, or crushed beans. The toxins in them can strain and kill them. Beans for chicken must be well washed and cooked. Additionally, It should not be their main meal, and they should have it not more than two times a week.
And now that we are all informed about beans, here is more about kale for chicken and how it should be prepared for them.